The authors examine whether the publication of the individual voting records of central-bank council members is socially desirable when the preferences of the central bankers differ. The article identifies two positive effects of transparency. First, central bankers whose preferences differ from those of society may act in the interest of society in order to increase their re-appointment chances. Second, transparency enhances the efficency of the appointment process since the government can align the preferences of the central-bank council with those of the public over time. In a monetary union, the findings about the desirability of transparency may be reversed.